Formulation of a Strategy for Social Development in Lebanon

Economic and Social Fund for Development (ESFD), currently hosted by the Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR)

in accordance with the financing agreement between the Government of Lebanon and the European Union

September 2004


The report formulates a strategy for social development in Lebanon aimed at orienting the action of the Government in general and that of the Economic and Social Fund for Development (that has been constituted in association with the European Union) in particular.

It includes two parts:

Part I (136 p.) presents the social development strategy. It analyses the relations between the prevailing economic model and the social deficits, it assesses the adequacy of the various social programs, both public and private, and proposes the institutional framework and the main lines of action needed to amend the orientations of the socio-economic model and finally defines a series of indicators for monitoring.

Part 2 (117 p.) aims at mapping the “poverty pockets” and at highlighting the socioeconomic characteristics of the “poor” in Lebanon. For this purpose, a refined spatial index of poverty has been constructed by using quantitative and regularly available measurements of consumption (see figures). Several field studies were carried to refine the knowledge of the characteristics of the “poor”, notably in rural areas and in certain peri-urban neighbourhoods.

GIS maps :

  1. Composite index of poverty
  2. Index with surveyed villages
  3. Intensity of commercial telephone calls
  4. Intensity of residential telephone calls
  5. Density of population
  6. Rate of sewage connections

The Socio-economic impact of replacing the commercial port in Sour by a fishing and touristic port

May 2005


The city of Sour, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, includes, since the civil war, an irregular commercial port. The study aims at assessing the benefits and costs of transforming this port so as to preserve and promote the cultural character of the city. The measures needed to mitigate the losses incurred by the affected categories are highlighted.


PDF - 138.1 kb
138 pages (in english)

Public Investment Program


Study realized for the CDR (Council for Development and Reconstruction) in 2005 and 2006


Study realized for the CDR (Council for Development and Reconstruction) in 2005 and 2006, under the direction of the author, with Dar el Handasah and IAURIF, in view of rationalizing public investment and current expenditure, in the light of the orientations of the NPMPL.

The study has been presented and discussed in the Parliament but was not yet discussed in the Council of Ministers nor has it been integrated in the so-called “programs” that the Government presented at various international conferences.


The study includes four parts:

  1. The “planning vision over 10-15 years” assesses the impact of public expenditure on the Lebanese economy since the early 90’s and sets a detailed methodology for the selection of investments as well as the main options in respect of the provision of public goods and services on the long run (in arabic, in french)
  2. The different options in terms of “Sectoral Policies” are then reviewed on the basis of systematic sectoral and spatial diagnosis and through highlighting the main political, institutional, economic and technical trade-offs (in arabic, in English).
  3. The medium term (5 years) “Investment Program” covering rehabilitation and new equipment, is then deduced on the basis of a quantified evaluation of sectoral and spatial performance and needs (in english).
  4. Then the “Synthesis of the Investment Program” shows the aggregate figures in terms of types of intervention, sectoral and regional allocation. The macroeconomic and fiscal impacts of the program (and not only its financial impact) are quantified as well as that of the main sectoral policies options (in English).